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Treasurer’s Office Receives Third “Clean” Annual Audit in Three Years
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Treasurer Mandel Sounds The Alarm On $377 Million In At Risk Deposits

COLUMBUS – Ohio Treasurer Josh Mandel announced today that $377 million in taxpayer dollars that had been placed at risk of loss due to previous administrations’ mistakes are being secured.

A review of depository agreements with banks applying to hold public funds found that prior administrations had failed to comply with federal law when amending agreements. This error meant that there might not have been enough collateral to recoup taxpayer dollars if a bank holding state money had failed. The review also found an administrative error in a contract that mistakenly referenced millions rather than billions and could have cost taxpayers hundreds of millions had it not been fixed.

“As we continue our top-bottom review, we found both a failure to comply with federal law on agreements with banks holding state funds, and a huge administrative error referencing millions rather than billions. We sounded the alarm and took immediate action to correct these mistakes and to secure millions in public funds,” said Treasurer Mandel. “Fortunately, we were able to take action to correct these errors that had occurred over a number of years and spanned administrations, averting a $377 million mistake for Ohio taxpayers.”

In order for financial institutions across Ohio to be deemed qualified public depositories of state money they must complete a depository agreement with the Treasurer’s office and comply with numerous state and federal laws. Ohio law requires that any bank holding state money on deposit must secure that deposit with collateral so that the state is protected in the event of a bank failure. State and federal law also requires that certain formal steps to be taken in order for the state to lay claim to this collateral in the event of a bank failure.

The Ohio Revised Code (“ORC”) § 135.03 limits the amount of public money a financial institution can hold at any one time to thirty percent of that financial institution’s total assets. Periodically, a financial institution may desire to amend its depository agreement to increase the amount of public money it can hold on deposit while still remaining under the maximum amount allowed by Ohio law.

Problems with Depository Agreements and Applications Identified
As part of the normal response to requests by Ohio banks to increase the amount of state money they could hold on deposit, the Treasurer’s office became concerned that procedures were not being correctly followed. Treasurer Mandel initiated a careful review of the process for qualifying whether a bank is eligible to hold state money, which identified substantive errors that exposed the State of Ohio to losing hundreds of millions of dollars in the event of a bank failure.

Specifically, Treasurer Mandel’s review revealed that prior Treasurers going back to at least 2007 failed to comply with federal law (12 U.S.C. § 1823(e)(1)), which requires a financial institution’s board of directors or loan committee to approve a depository agreement in order for public money to be secured. Prior practice only had a financial institution’s board of directors approve of the initial depository agreement, but not the amendments, which effectively left any money approved under amendments unsecured in the case of a bank failure.

This review revealed problems at the following five financial institutions: Croghan Colonial Bank; First Financial Bank, NA; First National Bank of Bellevue; First National Bank of Dennison; and Savings Bank. It revealed $755,000 in unsecured collateral at three of these banks.

The review also identified a substantial error in KeyBank’s application to hold public funds which erroneously stated a limit on public deposits for an amount of $31.7 million, instead of $31.7 billion. As a result of this error, the Treasurer discovered the state was at risk of losing up to $377 million of public deposits held at KeyBank alone because they were not properly secured. Additionally, a similar error was identified in a 2006 contract with KeyBank.

Treasurer Mandel Corrects Process
Fortunately, the Treasurer caught this before any money was lost. After identifying the problems in the process and the significant error at KeyBank, Treasurer Mandel’s office took immediate steps to protect taxpayer dollars. Treasurer Mandel consulted with the Ohio Attorney General’s office and is correcting the flaws in the process, which will effectively secure over $377 million in at-risk deposits. The office is currently continuing to review this entire process and implement changes to ensure that public moneys are always secure when deposited at financial institutions.

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Office Of Debt Mgmt

The Office of Debt Management plays an important role in the operation of state government: it oversees the borrowing of funds to assure it is completed in an efficient manner.


SaveNOW, a program offered by the State Treasurer through our linked deposit authority, offers a 3% bonus interest on savings accounts for Ohio citizens.

Smart Money Choices

A free personal financial-planning conference series for all Ohioans presented by State Treasurer Josh Mandel, and supported by a variety of statewide and regional partners.

Top-Bottom Review 2011

Review Outlines Steps to Improve Operations, Safeguard Investments, Leverage Technology, Increase Transparency and Modernize Banking Practices

e-Funds Transfer

Electronic Funds Transfers makes tax payments easy. Entities that have received a notice from the Ohio Department of Taxation can register for electronic payment via the website.

Veteran's Preference

Veteran’s Preference provides veterans with priority to be accepted into the GrowNOW and Ag-LINK linked-deposit programs.


A partnership between eligible banks and the Ohio Treasury, enables small business owners to receive a 3% interest rate reduction on small business loans for two years with the opportunity for renewal

Renew & Rebuild Ohio

Small business owners, farmers and homeowners are eligible to receive financial assistance to rebuild and recover following an emergency.


A program for farms to receive an interest rate reduction on new or existing loans or lines of credit up to $150,000. Applications are accepted on an annual basis from January through March.


The Center for Public Investment Management (CPIM) provides continuing education to Ohio’s public funds managers and their oversight authorities.

CPIM Conference: Bowling

The CPIM (Center for Public Funds Managers) Academy allows public funds managers to increase their financial competencies in managing and safeguarding Ohio’s tax dollars.

CPIM Akron

The CPIM (Center for Public Funds Managers) Academy allows public funds managers to increase their financial competencies in managing and safeguarding Ohio’s tax dollars.

CPIM Dayton

The CPIM (Center for Public Funds Managers) Academy allows public funds managers to increase their financial competencies in managing and safeguarding Ohio’s tax dollars.

CPIM Columbus

The CPIM (Center for Public Funds Managers) Academy allows public funds managers to increase their financial competencies in managing and safeguarding Ohio’s tax dollars.


A partnership between the State Treasurer and participating banks that provides a 3% interest rate reduction for 5 or 7 years on bank loans when completing energy-efficient upgrades to your home.